Types of dentists

When you go to see your general dentist, he or she may recommend that you see a specialist. If that is the case, then you better ask which one because there is a myriad of them to choose from.  The four most common types of specialty dentists are orthodontists, periodontists, endodontists, and pediatric dentists. You could also be sent to an oral pathologist or a Prosthodontist.

A doctor that focuses on straightening teeth, correcting bites and ensuring that teeth sit where they should within the jaws is known as an orthodontist. Those in this profession provide treatments including braces and mouth guards and may sometimes involve the surgical repositioning of teeth. This type of treatment tends to start in childhood. However, adults may seek treatment for cosmetic reasons.

Periodontists are specialized dentists that diagnose and treat gum diseases. Your dental office may refer you to a periodontal office if you suffer from bleeding gums, are in need of a deep root cleanings or are not in the habit if visiting the dentist regularly. Periodontists also do dental implants and have techniques that help to regenerate bone and tissue that is lost to disease.

Those that have damage, injury, decay, infection, or inflammation on the inside of a tooth are referred to an endodontist. Based on the level of damage, those in the field of endodontics might perform root canals, inlays or onlays, or surgery in order to try and save your tooth, the goal of anyone who has experienced trauma or injury to the mouth.

While children can be seen by a general or family dentist, many parents choose to have their kids seen by a pediatric dentist. Those in this profession see patients from toddler age into the teenage years and ensure that a child’s teeth are developing correctly.  A pediatric dentist may be the first to notice when a child needs orthodontic treatment. These specialty dentists are also charged with educating both parents and patients about the prevention of dental disease and good dental hygiene.

An oral pathologist is an oral health care provider whose main focus is the study of the causes of diseases that alter or affect the oral structures of the teeth, lips, cheeks, and jaws, as well as parts of the face and neck. In order to do so, these doctors examine and provide a diagnosis of the biopsy, tissue, or lesion sent to them by other oral health care providers.

A prosthodontist is a dentist who specializes in the repair and/or the replacement of missing teeth.  Those in this profession do so on a much larger scale than that of a general dentist. You may be sent to one if you need artificial teeth, also known as dentures, gold or crowns ceramic or caps, to replace any missing or extracted teeth. The prosthodontist can also replace teeth by using dental implants. Moreover, there are specially trained prosthodontists who work with patients that have head and neck deformities. Those that do this work replace missing parts of the face and jaws with artificial ones.

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